The new Paradigm of Linguistics

copyright © February 2009 by Tienzen (Jeh-Tween) Gong

The Old Paradigm

The old paradigm of linguistics has four unstated premises:



Some Facts About the First Language

  1. It takes four to five years for a baby to acquire the verbal part of the mother tongue well enough to use the language as a communication tool.
  2. It takes four to five school years to acquire the written part of the first language to a point of being able to read newspaper in that language.
  3. In spite of the modern education systems, every country has, at least, 15% of illiteracy in its population in terms of a first language. The illiterate is one who is able to speak and to listen but is unable to read and to write.


Types of Language

A language can be viewed as a set of data (words, vocabulary, grammar, phonetics, ..., culture, history, etc.). Yet, this set of data can be divided into two parts:

  1. As a tool (words, vocabulary, grammar, phonetic etc.).
  2. The products of this tool (culture, history, etc.).
In terms of a tool, it has three types of data sets: As there are three types of data set, there are three types of language (A, B and C).

The Different Ways of Acquiring a Language

Acquiring means memorizing. Memorizing means anchoring the data into our memory. And there are two different ways of anchoring.

  1. By association -- data is attached or tagged to an existing anchor.
  2. By repetition -- in the absence of an existing anchor for the data to attach, a new anchor must be formed. This is done by self-anchoring, a process that requires repeated drilling of the data until it is burned-in. Self anchoring requires brutal effort and a lot of energy, and it has a side effect of being easily burnt out.
Now, three laws can be induced and be tested:
  1. Law one -- acquiring data with association and anchors takes much less effort than acquiring data with repetition.
  2. Law two -- acquiring type B data takes much less effort than acquiring other types (A or C) of data.
  3. Law three -- learning type B language takes much less effort than learning other types (A or C) of language.


Why Take Years To Acquire a First Language?

  1. For the verbal part of the first language:
  2. For the written part of the first language:


The New Paradigm

For:

This new paradigm addresses and faces off the following two issues:
  1. Can SA acquire LB (second language for SA) with less effort than he acquired LA (his mother tongue)?
  2. Can SA acquire LB with less effort than SB acquired LB (SB's native language)?
For both issues above, this new paradigm gives affirmative answers if LB is a type B language:

How Can Premise A Be Proven?

  1. By test, experiment and measurement.
  2. By deduction: Conclusion: SA + LA (verbal and written of first language) > SA + LB (when LB is a type B language).

How Can Premise B Be Proven?

  1. By test and experiment.
  2. By reasoning: Conclusion: SA + LB (in case of Chinese verbal and written) < SB + LB.

Some Facts About the Chinese Language

There are two facts about the Chinese language:

How Can the Fact two Be Validated?

The People's Republic of China (PRC) was found in 1949. By then, China had suffered over 100 years of humiliation. The culprit for China's demise was identified to be the Chinese written language which was viewed as a type A language without any logic for its complexity. In fact, it was viewed as a language without a logic of any kind at all. A slogan of those days was "Without abandoning the Chinese word system, China as a nation would surely die." And, the Chinese word system was also accused as the only reason for China's high illiteracy (over 85%) at that time.

However, the process of Romanization of Chinese words was not a success by 1958. The interim measure was to simplify. The simplification of the Chinese word system is, now, viewed as the greatest achievement of the PRC.

In 1958, if anyone in the world knew that the Chinese written language is a type B language (the easiest of all languages to learn), the above history would not have happened.

As the above history did happen, the Fact two is validated in and before 1958. Even today (March 7, 2009), one Chinese word expert in China emphasized that traditional (non-simplified) Chinese words are too difficult to learn for the young kids in China.

Furthermore, as soon as the Chinese language is proved to be a type B language, the Fact two is, then, validated completely, and the presentation of Chinese Etymological Dynamics below is such a proof.


How Did the Fact two Become a Fact?

The Chinese word system was matured over two thousand years ago. If the Chinese word system is an axiomatic system, it was done two thousand years ago. How can that fact remain a secret for thousands of years? There are, at least, two reasons for this:

  1. While Judaism and Christianity were established by prophets, Hinduism with mystics, Chinese system (religion, politics, society, moral, etc.) was established by Sages. Sage is defined as follows: In general, sages were also the religious and political leaders. That is, there must not have too many sages. If the methodology of sage inventions were easily understood by the commoners, sages would have been sage no more. Thus, sages not only must invent things but must invent a way to hide their methodology of inventions. For example: the Chinese medicine was matured over two thousand years ago. Yet, no one today knows that how the human body meridian system was discovered as it still cannot be identified with today's anatomical procedure.
  2. A great system of camouflage was invented to disguise the axiomatic Chinese word system into a type A system, a chaotic system. This camouflage system consists of, at least, four parts:
With this camouflage system, no one in the past five thousand years noticed that the Chinese word system is a type B system, an axiomatic system. As soon as those camouflages are identified, a naked axiomatic system (as naked as a jaybird) is in front of our eyes.

Testing and Verification

In Chinese Etymology learning program, it is divided into five (5) steps:

  1. Learning the word form (able to hand-write each and every [all 60,000] Chinese word after glancing it for 10 seconds).
  2. Learning the word meaning (able to dissect and to decode the meaning of all words).
  3. Learning the meaning of composite words (word phrases and sentences).
  4. Learning the entire phonetic bandwidth of the Chinese verbal language, and the 250 four-tone encompass it all.
  5. Marrying the phonetic to the written words.
Each step can be tested. However, the test on the first step can be the determining test for the entire system, and it can be done with very little effort. The following is my suggested testing program:
  1. This test will consist of three comparison groups:
    1. Group A -- student who had no Chinese language background previously but has studied Chinese language for one (1) semester of university study or one (1) year under any K-12 program.
    2. Group B -- student who had no Chinese language background previously and will study under our program for 15 hours, 3 hours a day for 5 days.
    3. Group C -- professor of physics or anyone with a great analytic mind while he is not knowing any Chinese word. This is the control group, as it is a measurement for the difficulty of the test.
  2. Thirty Chinese words will be selected from a current Chinese newspaper randomly and each word will be flashed on a screen for 10 seconds. Persons in this test must not copy the word during the flash period but must duplicate the word with hand-writing after the word is removed from the screen. Then, the test score will be compared.
  3. In order to prevent any statistics outlier, each group should have three persons.
  4. For K-12 program, in order to measure the scope (the area of it encompasses) of this test, Group A and B should consist of three levels, one 4th grader, one 8th grader and one 12th grader.

In the following presentation, Chinese Etymological Dynamics, two points will be presented:

  1. The dynamics of an axiomatic system.
  2. Some examples of camouflage.

Chinese Etymological Dynamics

This presentation is in MS Power Point and is available on CD.


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